Using Landscape Approaches in National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Planning

Holistic strategies to harmonize human activities with the preservation of biodiversity.

This practical guide is designed to facilitate the integration of landscape approaches into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) — essential instruments for countries to achieve the goals and targets of the Kunming–Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. Landscape approaches are landscape governance strategies that consider the ecological, social and economic context of a particular area, aiming to harmonize human activities with biodiversity conservation. 

Based on extensive research, the publication incorporates insights from NBSAP analyses, surveys, and consultations, including a key side event at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Geneva meetings in March 2022 and subsequent workshops in April 2022. The guide, complemented by a video, results from collaboration led by the Secretariat of the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) at UNU-IAS, with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ministry of the Environment, Japan, and the University of Tokyo Institute for Future Initiatives. A detailed overview of its development is provided on the IPSI website.

UNU-IAS welcomes feedback based on practical implementation challenges and case studies to improve future editions of the guide. To contribute, please email your input to

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