Landscape Approaches to Ecosystem Restoration

Lessons Learned from Managing Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes & Seascapes

Date Published
13 Oct 2023
Maiko Nishi Suneetha Subramanian
Series Title
UNU-IAS Policy Briefs
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This policy brief provides recommendations on facilitating ecosystem restoration through equitable, inclusive, and sustainable management of landscapes and seascapes. Considering ecological, socio-economic, and cultural dimensions, it offers strategies on integrating restoration policy and practice through participatory multi-stakeholder engagement.


Landscape approaches help to effectively facilitate ecosystem restoration for the benefit of people and nature, by leveraging Indigenous and local knowledge and enhancing context-specific cooperation between stakeholders. The process of applying landscape approaches to ecosystem restoration should be multi-lateral, iterative, and inclusive. It needs to be navigated by communicating and interacting with stakeholders across different sectors and levels.


  • Start at the landscape or seascape scale to identify and mobilize local resources and capacities for long-term restoration efforts.
  • Promote peer learning and knowledge sharing to develop integrated solutions for restoration and sustainable development, and upscale them for broader impact.
  • Institutionalize local restoration efforts as part of coherent policies and frameworks to facilitate systemic change in human–nature interactions.

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