Bridging Science and Policy for Integrated Action on Climate and Biodiversity

Recommendations for transformative, science-based governance to address biodiversity loss and climate change.

Date Published
25 Jan 2024
Himangana Gupta
Series Title
UNU-IAS Policy Briefs
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This policy brief provides recommendations for state and non-state actors engaged in implementation of climate and biodiversity action, primarily in biodiversity-rich developing countries. It offers advice on overcoming significant trade-offs and enhancing climate–biodiversity synergies at the global, national and local levels. 


Climate change and biodiversity are both recognized as crucial priorities for global action. There is a strong political effort to enhance synergies and minimize trade-offs between these two agendas. This requires bridging the science–policy gap by leveraging existing institutional infrastructure and governance mechanisms. It has the potential to deliver multiple benefits for climate mitigation and adaptation, ecological security and achieving the SDGs.


  • Foster evidence and science-based policymaking at the national level.
  • Promote integrative and adaptive approaches that can reduce trade-offs.
  • Generate synergy indicators and integrate them into governance and financing mechanisms.
  • Create a safe-for-biodiversity carbon marketplace that goes beyond the safeguard approach.

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