The United Nations University’s programme on Human and Policy Dimensions of Global Change is concerned with the complex interlinkages between human activities and the environment. It is recognised that in order to devise effective responses to combat global environmental change it is essential to understand the human and societal causes underlying the transformation of the physical environment. The objectives of the programme are:
After the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, a central issue in the Climate Change Convention relates to the amounts and sources of the greenhouse gases emitted from the various countries and regions, both industrialized and developing, and their relation to international governance. To date, the lack of agreed principles has stalled agreement as to what concrete and practical steps should be taken to meet the needs for stabilizing climate change.
The present book is the outcome of the UNU international collaborative research carried out under the Human and Policy Dimensions of Global Change programme. It is aimed at presenting the state of the art in greenhouse indices, and related international policy making and governance, clarifying key technical issues relating to greenhouse gas emissions, and outlining the economic responsibilities of various countries based on the emissions. It makes an argument for the necessary North-South resource transfers.