During the 1990s, nine out of ten of the bloodiest conflicts occurred on the African continent. And despite some 20 peacebuilding operations in Africa in the last 25 years there is still a significant lack of cohesive strategy to target the key areas in the regeneration of a conflict-ridden country. An Afrocentric perspective is therefore a suitable starting point for research into the possible strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding.
It is clear that a military approach to peace missions needs to include developmental, economic and governance support to ensure lasting stability and human security. And an army needs to be equipped and trained for these multiple roles which previously were regarded as secondary functions but are now priorities in peace mission involvement.
The authors of this book consider the problems around the concept of ‘post-conflict’ and the blurring of military and civilian roles, analysing the UN roles in the DRC and Sierra Leone, as well as the African Union Mission in Burundi. The main context of the book, however, is the South African Army’s strategy for PCRD in Africa, which has been developed with the African Union’s 2006 Post-Conflict, Reconstruction and Development Needs Assessment Guide in mind. This book emanates from this plan. It therefore also explores South Africa’s policy imperatives to integrate development projects and peace missions, involving the military as well as civilian organisations.
While this book is not intended as an instruction manual, it hopes to ignite an understanding of the particular processes required to develop a sustainable and cohesive post-conflict peacebuilding strategy within the African environment.
Theo Neethling is Professor and Head of the Department of Political Science at the University of the Free State. Heidi Hudson is Professor and Programme Director of the Centre for Africa Studies (CAS) at the University of the Free State.
A Changing Global Strategic Environment – What is new? Heidi Hudson
Part I Conceptual roots
Political, Civilian and Military Dimensions of PCRD, Cedric de Coning
Looking In or Transforming Up: Conceptual Dilemmas of Liberal Peacebuilding and PCRD,
PCRD in Historical Perspective: International Approaches and Experiences, Annette Seegers
The Ethics Question: Towards a Normative Framework for PCRD, Deane-Peter Baker
Developmental Peace Missions: The South African Conceptual Approach, Laetitia Olivier
Part II Role-players in context
The African Union’s Partnerships: Symbiotic Coordination as a Policy Instrument,
Building Capacity from Above and Below: Why Gender Matters in the Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Contexts, Lindy Heinecken
UN Post-conflict Programming Under Challenge in the Post-electoral DRC, Theo Neethling
Post-war Programming in Sierra Leone: Revisiting the Challenges and Achievements of the UN, Laetitia Olivier, Theo Neethling and Benjamin Mokoena
Part III Policy and practice
Foreign Policy and the Military: In Service of Reconstruction and Development?
Campaigns or Contingency? South Africa, Africa and the 21st-century Defence Design,
Towards ‘Defence, Security and Development’: Whither South African, Defence Thinking on Post-conflict Missions? Theo Neethling