International Water Security: Domestic Threats and Opportunities

Sample Chapter
  • Edited Nevelina I. Pachova, Mikiyasu Nakayama and Libor Jansky

    ISBN-10: 92-808-1150-9,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1150-6
    United Nations University Press
    March 2008

    Water is essential for all aspects of life. Managing water is a challenging task, particularly in shared water basins that host more than half of the world’s population. National sovereignty and security considerations have long constrained the reasonable, equitable and sustainable utilization of international water courses. With post-Cold War democratization and globalization on the rise, domestic actors have an increasingly important role to play in national decision-making and traditional foreign policy debates.

    This volume explores both these threats and opportunities through the presentation of case studies that analyze the multi-faceted and dynamic nature of the interplay between domestic and international water security.

    Nevelina I. Pachova is Programme Associate at the United Nations University’s Vice-Rectorate in Europe. Mikiyasu Nakayama is Professor of the Institute of Environmental Studies at the Graduate School of Frontier Science, University of Tokyo. Libor Jansky is Senior Academic Programme Officer at the United Nations University’s Vice-Rectorate in Europe.

    Table of contents


    • From domestic to international water security, Libor Jansky, Mikiyasu Nakayama and Nevelina I. Pachova

    Part I: Treaties and institutions

    • The Indus Water Dispute—Relations with domestic policies, Shuntaro Yamamoto
    • Domestic issues of developing the water resources in a landlocked and water abundant state: Linkages of domestic security and basin security, Naho Mirumachi
    • Domestic drivers of international water security in the Danube, Nevelina I. Pachova and Libor Jansky
    • Transboundary cooperation vs. internal ambitions: The role of China and Cambodia in the Mekong Region, Marko Keskinen, Katri Mehtonen and Olli Varis
    • The role of domestic security in the functioning of the Lake Chad Basin Commission, Virpi Stucki and Madiodio Niasse

    Part II: Emerging security threats

    • People’s encroachment onto Sudan’s Nile banks and its impact on Egypt, Mahmoud El Zain
    • Inter-basin water transfers as technico-political option. Thai-Birman projects on the Salween River, Bastien Affeltranger
    • Implications of domestic security policy upon international water issues in a virtual and real water context—Aral Sea and Mekong River Basins, Mikiyasu Nakayama

    Part III: Opportunities for cooperation

    • Water governance of the Mekong River Basin and Chinese economic development, Kayo Onishi
    • Transboundary water issues in the Euphrates-Tiger River Basin: Some methodological approaches and opportunities for cooperation, Aysegül Kibaroglu, Anthi D. Brouma and Mete Erdem
    • The politics of security in the Okavango River Basin: From civil war to saving wetlands (1975–2002). A preliminary security impact analysis, Jeroen F. Warner and Richard Meissner


    • National sovereignty and human security. Changing realities and concepts in international water management, Nevelina I. Pachova, Mikiyasu Nakayama and Libor Jansky