Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions

Sample Chapter
  • Edited Saeed Parto and Brent Herbert-Copley

    ISBN-10: 92-808-1127-4,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1127-8
    United Nations University Press
    December 2006

    What role should governments play in protecting the environment and controlling the environmental impacts of industry? Do regulations benefit the environment, and how do they affect industrial innovation?

    Since the modern era of environmental management began in the early 1970s, regulations have been used with increasing intensity and sophistication as the main instrument in steering the behaviour of economic agents in industrial production. The purpose of environmental regulation has been to coerce producers of goods and services into internalizing the environmental costs of production. These efforts have often faced opposition on practical and ideological grounds.

    Since the 1980s there has been a movement towards liberalization, coupled with the continued failure of the market to protect the environment as a public good. As a result, private and public sector interests have been engaged in debate about the apporpriate role of governments in protecting and improving the environment and controlling the environmental impact of industry.

    The contributors to this book examine a number of political and industrial trends and responses to these challenges. A useful set of case studies appraise environmental policies and comprehensive statements on environmental protection and sustainable development by numerous countries in the North and the South.

    The book concludes that the complexities of environmental and economic relationships disallow universal solutions, and it illustrates the need for context-specific and non-linear perspectives on the role of regulatory measures in environmental innovation.


    Saeed Parto is a Research Fellow at the United Nations Univeristy Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT) and Adjunct at the Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo, Canada. Brent Herbert-Copley is the Director, Social and Economic Policy at the International Development Research Centre in Ottawa, Canada.

    Contents Overview

    • Introduction
    • Public Policy and Corporate Environmental Performance: Case Studies from Taiwan
    • Environmental Regulation and Industrial Competitiveness in Pollution-intensive Industries
    • Environmental Management and Innovative Capabilities in Argentine industry
    • To the limits .. and beyond? Firm-level responses to regulation in the Canadian pulp and paper industry
    • Toward a Theory of Innovation and Industrial Pollution: Evidence from Mexican Manufacturing
    • Environmental Policy, Innovation and Third-Party Factors in Nigerian Manufacturing
    • Environmental Policy in the Presence of Technological Uncertainty, Diversity, and Rigidity: The Case of the Japanese Chlor-Alkali Industry
    • Reconfiguring Environmental Regulation: Next Generation Policy Instruments
    • Transitions and Institutional Change: The Case of the Dutch Waste Subsystem
    • Integrating Environmental and Innovation Policies
    • Conclusion


    • Saeed Parto
    • Nonita Yap
    • Chih Chao Wu
    • Shanshin Ton
    • Jonathan Barton
    • Rhys Jenkins
    • Anthony Bartzokas
    • Jan Hesselberg
    • Hege Knutsen
    • Daniel Chudnovsky
    • Andres Lopez
    • Brent Herbert-Copley
    • Kevin Gallagher
    • John Adeoti
    • Masaru Yarime
    • Neil Gunningham
    • Derk Loorbach,
    • Ad Lansink
    • René Kemp