Governing Low-Carbon Development and the Economy

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  • Edited by Hidenori Niizawa and Toru Morotomi

    1235 Niizawa – Governing Low Carbon_FINAL_front_cover_web
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1235-0
    412 pages
    United Nations University Press
    March 2014

    The presence of an international regime will lead to low-carbon development. The Kyoto Protocol is the first step towards achieving this objective. In this publication, a more comprehensive international regime for the post-Kyoto Protocol world is pursued, based on the experience obtained from the first commitment period set forth in the protocol.

    It is through emissions targets set for each country and the policies toward meeting the targets that a de facto low-carbon economy will be constructed. Even in countries with identical emissions targets, the implementation of different policies to meet this objective will lead to different types of economies. This volume focuses primarily on the following aspects: the role of local government bodies, the selection of domestic policies, the combination of policies, the integration of policies, the political and administrative systems that serve as a basis for policies, the technological innovations related to the policies, and the revenue sources to rebuild infrastructure.

    While many chapters discuss the experiences in Japan, the results from collaborative research between Japan and the Republic of Korea, and comparative studies between Japan and Germany are also included. The chapters adopt different perspectives, looking at the issue from the discipline of economics as well as the neo-institutionalist perspective.

    About the Editors:

    Hidenori Niizawa is Professor of Environmental Economics in the School of Economics at the University of Hyogo, Japan. Toru Morotomi is Professor of Environmental Economics in the Graduate School of Economics at Kyoto University, Japan.

    Table of Contents:

    Introduction, Hidenori Niizawa and Toru Morotomi

    Part I: Global regime
    Environmental governance and the dynamics of international institutions, Kazuhiro Ueta, Hidenori Niizawa and Yukari Takamura
    Prospects for post-Kyoto protocol carbon market policies, Hidenori Niizawa
    Towards sustainable development in developing countries: Achievements and problems of a clean development mechanism, Sungin Na
    Unilateral initiatives for carbon pricing after Copenhagen, Seung-Joon Park

    Part II: Local initiatives
    Towards a sustainable society by local initiatives: Local environmental taxes in Japan, Kaori Fujita
    6 Climate change policy from the bottom up: Tokyo’s cap-and-trade scheme and multilevel governance,
    Toru Morotomi
    The role of local government in the voluntary approach to environmental policy: A case study of policy mix and multilevel governance aimed at sustainable development in Japan, Toshi H. Arimura and Yoshika Yamamoto

    Part III: Comparative studies

    The future of multilateral agreements and institutions in climate change policy, Yasuko Kameyama
    Comparative analysis of institutional designs and policy processes regarding the introduction of emissions trading systems in Japan and Korea, Soocheol Lee
    The possibilities for climate change policy integration as seen from Japan’s political and administrative system, Haruka Kubo
    Policy integration as a measure to overcome the trade-off between the environment and economics,
    Seiji Ikkatai
    A comparative analysis of climate policy changes in Germany and Japan: Multilevel governance, governing-coalition change and policy entrepreneurship, Rie Watanabe

    Part IV: After Fukushima
    On the economy of nuclear power: Calculating the actual total unit cost of power production, Kenichi Oshima
    CO2 reduction without nuclear power generation: Restructuring the Japanese energy policy after the Fukushima crisis, Aiko Azuma

    Part V: Energy savings
    Japan’s approach to energy conservation, Takeshi Shimamura
    On energy-saving policies for the Japanese household sector in support of a low-carbon society, Tae-Yeoun Lee

    Part VI: Policy and Innovation
    Directed technical change for low carbon development: An analysis with a decentralized climate-economy model, Hiroaki Sakamoto
    Innovation for a low-carbon economy: Policy integration for governing climate technology innovation,
    Mitsutsugu Hamamoto
    Finding the right policy mix – The impact of returning revenues of environmental tax on technological development, Yasushi Ito

    Part VII: Infrastructure
    Restructuring transport infrastructure for a low-carbon city and its financing systems, Takeshi Kawakatsu

  • “This book looks back to give the reader a very comprehensive understanding of the global, regional, national and local contexts. It also looks forward, to propose solutions rooted in evidence. For anyone who wishes to understand the rich tapestry that is Japan, and its choices, this volume is essential reading.”

    Frank J. Convery, Chair and Senior Fellow, UCD Earth Institute, University College Dublin, and Honorary President, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists

    “In this new book, the authors present a comprehensive and multidisciplinary review of multilevel environmental governance. By using a broad comparative perspective for case studies at various levels, the authors have collectively identified important factors contributing to successes or failures of existing climate change governance regimes.”

    Daigee Shaw, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, and President, East Asian Association of Environmental and Resource Economics