This project reviewed literature to find how social protection interactions with forestry policies and the goals of sustainable forest management. Evidence of the impact of forests and forestry policies on the wellbeing of forest dependent people is presented to show how forestry policies can be socially protecting. The study also reviewed evidence of the impact of social protection on the wellbeing of forest dependent people. The study finds that there is little evidence of the impact of social protection on the wellbeing of forest dependent people or on forest conservation. This is because of the limited availability of empirical studies specific to forest dependent people and few interventions using social protection to promote forest conservation.The study identifies opportunities for linking social protection with forestry policies given their similar aims to correct market failure.