This project aims to explore possibilities for strengthening institutional and organizational environmental structures on multiple geographical levels and their interplay. Through research and capacity development activities relevant to policy and practice, it aims to explore the possibilities for transformative change in sustainable development governance that is required for earth system transformation in the twenty-first century. Its research outcomes will identify and elaborate concrete, feasible steps that may be taken to foster integrated policymaking and practical implementation. The project currently conducts two research activities, one focusing on Low-carbon Asia (S-6 project), and the other on Post-2015 sustainable development goals and indicators (FS project). Both projects contribute to global discussions by organizing workshops, lectures and publications, among other activities, and they currently work closely with the Earth System Governance (ESG) project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) on institutional transformation research. Both projects are supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOEJ). The project is implemented in cooperation with IUCN’s Joint World Commission on Environmental Law (WCL)/World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) Protected Areas Law & Policy Group on establishing its Aichi Targets Working Group and on expanding its legal enforcement education project for judges and public prosecutors dealing with stronger cooperation among MEAs, which is supported by the Asian Development Bank.