This project will establish and promote a clear case for the global development community to prioritize anti-slavery and anti-trafficking in development programming and policies.
SDG Target 8.7 commits states to fight modern slavery as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Target 8.7 underpins rallying efforts including Alliance 8.7 and the UK-initiated Call to Action. Buy-in to the Call to Action is growing (currently around 70 countries), but implementation through the global development system has so-far been limited. Major development actors (e.g. UN country teams, OECD DAC and the World Bank) are notably absent. Why?
One reason may be that the development case for fighting modern slavery has not yet been well articulated. The direct ‘pay off’ to governments and business from fighting modern slavery has not been well explained. Many governments see little reward for the costs involved in taking on the vested domestic political, transnational corporate and sometimes criminal interests that sustain modern slavery. And many corporate interests still see anti-slavery as a philanthropic exercise and cost centre, not as a profit strategy. The ‘return on investment’ has not been well identified.
This project seeks to provide evidence-based materials that will begin to fill this gap, allowing HMG and its partners to make a clear and strong ‘development case’ for fighting modern slavery, at the UN in New York, and in key donor capitals.
Output 1: A research report prepared through 1) desk research, 2) expert consultations & 3) field visits & beneficiary consultations, available in hard copy and online in early 2020, will cover:
How do anti-slavery efforts promote sustainable development? A) evidence on public and private development spending – size, flows, dynamics; B) evidence gap map on the relationship between anti-slavery spending and public revenues; corruption; improved productivity; costs of capital; terms of trade; social protection; public health; inequality; C) SDGmapping of anti-slavery efforts.
What works? 5 mixed-methods sectoral case studies identifying how financing, political engagement, and know-how have or could be combind in development interventions to promote anti-slavery results around: A) the palm oil sector (with a focus on S E Asia and sub-Saharan Africa); B) fisheries (with a focus on Thailand and S E Asia); C) apparel (with a focus on Bangladesh, Viet Nam and Ethiopia); D) infrastructure development (including Myanmar, Qatar and India);and E) agriculture (including Brazil and Uzbekistan).
Output 2: A communication campaign (launches, meetings, social media, op-eds in headline press) in Feb-Mar 2020 will target development decision-makers in New York (UNDG), London (DfID, CDC, ODI), Paris (OECD), Washington (World Bank Group) and Brussels (EU), to reframe anti-slavery as a priority development