Main documents of the Post-2015-Agenda stress the need to strengthen disaster and climate resilience, namely the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030, several goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Paris Climate Agreement as well as the New Urban Agenda (Habitat III). So far, those agendas are not fully streamlined, although crosscutting approaches have a strong potential to improve disaster risk reduction, adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and to foster sustainable development. Different commitments and agendas at national and sub-national levels, involving different actors in policy planning, implementation and reporting, make the alignment of regional, national and subnational DRM and CCA actions challenging. Potentials for synergies are not fully tapped, overlaps and lacks of cooperation cost additional time and money. The further lead to additional opportunity costs.To close this gap, national and sub-national case studies on costs and benefits of (in-)coherence can make an important contribution and support the derivation of recommendations for better agenda coherence.This project aimed at supporting better coherence within the Post-2015-Agenda for strengthening disaster and climate resilience through (a.) the development of a typology of costs and benefits of (in-)coherence, (b.) the application in the international context and selected case studies, and (c.) derivation of recommendations in form of reports and information/dissemination products.
The COHERE research results were directly fed into international research and policy discourses. COHERE helped identify the range of different incoherencies in policy formulation, implementation and monitoring in the fields of disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and overall development planning. The research further allowed the drivers of incoherence and key costs created by it, as well as its fewer and more short-lived benefits, to be identified and structured. While some of the identified costs and benefits are unique to a country based on their different experiences, also important commonalities were detected that will inform further research and education activities.