The concept of Adaptive Social Protection (ASP) strives to tackle challenges arising from increased individual and collective risks from natural hazards and their interaction with other global challenges such as poverty or climate change. It describes the integration of social protection, disaster risk management, and climate change adaptation and identifies their relevant interfaces. Thereby, ASP aims to ensure and promote peoples’ resilience in the face of multiple covariate risks induced by extreme weather events and other natural hazards. In the long run, this integrated approach has the potential to contribute to human well-being by empowering individuals, households, communities and nations, maintain their quality of life, and to rebuild better lives in the context of disasters.
The ASP intervention is a component of the “Social Protection Programme” (SPP) in Indonesia lead by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The project focuses on the extension of social protection, particularly for poor and vulnerable population groups, against risks from extreme weather events and other natural hazards as well as adverse impacts from climate change. The aim of ASP contributes to the technical foundations of the SPP, which focuses on three main outputs:
1) Risk analysis, prevention and reduction plans, along with mechanism for risk transfers,
2) Options for expanding and linking Disaster Risk Management (DRM) with existing social programs, and
3) Cost calculations of various financing options and instruments, which includes climate risk insurance.
MCII and UNU-EHS will be particularly responsible for the disaster risk management and climate change adaptation sector analyses, including reviews of existing stakeholder, mechanisms and data, and the subsequent identification of protection gaps. Subsequently they will support the identification of potential options and solutions for the implementation of an adaptive social protection approach in Indonesia. Together with the Indonesian government and in strong collaboration with the planning ministry BAPPENAS, an ASP Roadmap is ultimately developed, outlining a strategy on how to operationalize ASP for the country.