Sustainable Development Goal 1

No Poverty

Despite significant progress in reducing extreme poverty since 2000, more than 700 million people continue to live on less than US$1.90 a day. But ending global poverty by 2030 will require more than closing an income gap — it will rely on institutions and opportunities that promote equality, including access to resources, gender, employment, housing, and health.

UNU research helps to overcome obstacles to sustained poverty reduction. Our work on migration examines the socio-economic drivers and consequences for households on the move to find solutions to poverty, at both ends of the migration path. Our economic toolbox uses sustainable benefit models to guide developing countries as they create social protection systems based on domestic tax revenues. These unique tributaries of UNU research ensure a comprehensive mainstream approach to ending poverty.

A Climate Migrant's Story, from an Urban Slum in Dhaka
UN Photo / Kibae Park


Pia Rattenhuber

Pia Rattenhuber


"Understanding how taxes and social benefits affect people is vital for reaching the Sustainable Development Goals. Developing simulation models together with partners in the developing world helps us understand which policies perform better in reducing povety and inequality."

Michael Danquah


"Increased productivity in developing countries is essential for inclusive and sustainable growth. I am working to better understand what drives or impedes workers moving from low-productivity to high-productivity activities, and how policy can better support this transition."

Iván Galindo Castro

Iván Galindo Castro


"I believe that education is of paramount importance for breaking the cycle of poverty. My work is providing access to equal education opportunities in biotechnology for researchers throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. This is fostering new potential for innovative technological breakthroughs to support sustainable development."


Social Protection for Forest-dependent Communities

In close collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, this project is developing operational guidance to provide evidence and knowledge on vulnerabilities of forest-dependent communities. The project is establishing rationale, tools, and approaches to expand communities’ social protection coverage in coherence with forestry policy.

Simulating Tax and Benefit Policies for Development

How does raising income tax affect government revenue? What are the costs and benefits of implementing a state pension? The SOUTHMOD project uses tax-benefit microsimulation models to provide knowledge for better policymaking and inclusive development. The models allow comparative analysis of the effects of different policy scenarios on poverty, inequality, and government revenues.

The Domestic Savings Shortfall in Developing Countries

This project examines the role of domestic savings in delivering inclusive development and reducing poverty. The project delivers both global findings as well as a systematic comparison of country experiences to address important policy relevant questions in this area.