Awareness of the value of traditional knowledge (TK), innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world — particularly its potential contribution to sustainable development and poverty alleviation — is growing at a time when such knowledge is increasingly being threatened. The Traditional Knowledge Initiative (TKI) promotes and strengthens research on traditional knowledge and its incorporation into UN policy processes through joint research projects with UN agencies, universities, indigenous and regional networks, and other institutions at a global level, informed by local level involvement of indigenous peoples and local communities. Key programme areas include the links between TK and climate change, TK and natural resources, and TK and biological resources. Expected outputs include research activities, policy studies and advice, capacity development and online learning and dissemination. Relevant activities take place in the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania and in key international arenas such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.