Science and Technology for Sustainable Societies

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Outline
Outputs
Contact
  • The key elements of a solution to the twin challenges of global poverty and climate change can be found in science, technology, and sustainable innovation. Technological development and innovation must be guided to create a greener, cleaner, and more creative economy, both in rural and urban areas. Poverty can be tackled only with investment in education, science and technology, and innovation systems in developing societies. At present, the scientific knowledge, research skills, and capacity for innovation necessary to face these challenges are available. What is lacking is the will and the foresight to implement a new governance mechanism for scientific knowledge production at the global and local levels. Through this programme, the UNU Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS) will explore markets that are accountable to the management and diffusion of technology; fair and equitable distribution of innovation capabilities on global, national, and local scales; and global circulation of knowledge.

    Twinning

    The institute is working on establishing a twin institute in Indonesia with primary research focus on science, technology and innovation. Preliminary discussions have taken place with Indonesian government officials, detailed proposal from the Government of Indonesia is expected in due course.

    Focal Point

    Prof. Govindan Parayil, Director and Programme Head, will be the focal point leading the Science and Technology for Sustainable Societies Programme.

    Purpose

    The programme seeks to understand the processes of innovation and S&T development to tackle economic and environmental challenges. It will look at the mechanisms of scientific knowledge production and dissemination of environmentally friendly and green technologies.

    Approach

    The programme will study a number of firms and local innovations systems in developed and developing countries using qualitative and quantitative research methods. Those studies will shed light on how and under what conditions more sustainable technologies emerge and are disseminated.

    Gender

    The programme will seek the participation of several women researchers to take lead in the case studies. Regarding the research content, gender issues may emerge as important to be further studied during the research implementation process.

    Target Audience

    The audience will be researchers, activists and policy makers in local, national and international organizations dealing with urban issues. UN officials working in related areas will also be one of the targeted audiences.

    Intended Impact

    Impact: Influencing policymaking at the international level
    Target: The programme aims to influence policymaking and international development agencies such as UNDP and World Bank.
    How: The programme will address its targets through Adoption of programme outputs such as working papers and published work by target organizations.

    Impact: Influencing policymaking at the regional level
    Target: Regional political and developmental agencies (eg. UNESCAP, ASIAN, AU) are a target. The programme will help them develop regional systems of innovation for science and technology development.
    How: The programme will achieve its intended impact through Adoption of programme outputs such as working papers and published work by target organizations, and by accepting invitations to give capacity building training courses.

    Impact: Influencing policymaking at the national level
    Target: Governments in developing countries that are developing national systems of innovation for science and technology development are a target for influencing policymaking at the national level.
    How: Adoption of programme outputs such as working papers and published work by target organizations, accepting invitations to give capacity building training courses are means of impacting these targets.

    Impact: Furthering knowledge in an academic field
    Target: Universities and research centres are targets in furthering knowledge in an academic field.
    How: Adoption of programme outputs such as working papers and published work by target organizations in course syllabi, and exchange of postgraduate students and faculty members will be carried out.

    Impact: Curriculum development
    Target: Universities and research centres are main targets for the programme’s intended impact in curriculum development.
    How: Adoption of programme outputs such as working papers and published work by target organizations in course syllabi will impact curriculum development targets.

    Value Added

    The research will bring new insights to the emergence of innovations, science and technology for dealing with environmental problems. This will help the UN system, member states and international and local organizations to engage in more effective and sustainable policies.

    Dissemination

    The programme will disseminate its research findings through publications (e.g., books, reports and working paper series), media releases, website, meetings with the community of academics and practitioners in the area (including UN staff) and possibly training workshops.

    Timeline/Programme Cycle

    The programme started in the beginning of 2010, and it has been generating results since mid-2010.

    Evaluation

    The programme will have internal and external evaluation committees to assess its results. An internal evaluation will be carried out every year and an external evaluation every three years. The external committee will be composed of some of the best academic people in the area available in Japan and/or abroad.

    Challenges

    The programme began in 2010 and needs funding to reach its projected scale.

    Expected Duration

    Program start: 31 December 2013. Program duration: two years.

  • Title: Biodiversity in Kanazawa
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R. and Cocora, L.
    Publication/Output Type: (in press)
    Available at: Book of Seasons: A Year in Kanazawa. United Nations University,Institute of Advanced Studies, Operating Unit Ishikawa Kanazawa (UNU-IAS-OUIK)

    Title: Cities and Biodiversity
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R.
    Publication/Output Type: (in press)
    Available at: Book of Seasons: A Year in Kanazawa. United Nations University, Institute of Advanced Studies, Operating Unit Ishikawa Kanazawa (UNU-IAS-OUIK)

    Title: Economic Impacts on Biodiversity
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R.
    Publication/Output Type: Project report (forthcoming)
    Available at: Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira (Coordinator): Environmental and Socio-economic Impacts of an Oil Spill in Southern Nakagusuku Bay, Okinawa, Japan. Project Report. United Nations University.

    Title: Ecosystem Services and Human Well-being Impacts of Palm Oil Expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R., Gasparatos, A., Puppim de Oliveira, J.A., Suwa, A., Stromberg, P.
    Publication/Output Type: Book Chapter (forthcoming)
    Available at: Kazuhiko Takeuchi ed. Biofuels for Sustainable Development
    Publisher: UNU Press, Tokyo

    Title: Free and Open Source Software and Technology for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries
    Author(s): Sowe, Sulayman K., Parayil, Govindan, Sunami, Atsushi, eds.
    Publication/Output Type:
    Publisher: UNU Press, Tokyo

    Title: Managing the Transition to Sustainability in an Emerging Economy: Evaluating Green Growth Policies in Indonesia
    Author(s): Jupesta, Joni; Boer, Rizaldi; Parayil, Govindan; Harayama, Yuko; Yarime, Masaru; Puppim de Oliveira, Jose A.; Subramanian, Suneetha M.
    Publication/Output Type: Journal Article
    Available at: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
    Publisher: Elsevier

    Title: Measuring Socio-ecological Sustainability of Palm Oil: From a Global Multistakelholder Perspective to Local Community Perceptions
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R., Gasparatos, A., tromberg, P., Suwa, A.
    Publication/Output Type: (in preparation)

    Title: Social Impacts
    Author(s): Moreno-Peñaranda, R.
    Publication/Output Type: Project report (forthcoming)
    Available at: Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira (Coordinator): Environmental and Socio-economic Impacts of an Oil Spill in Southern Nakagusuku Bay, Okinawa, Japan. Project Report. United Nations University

  • United Nations University
    Institute of Advanced Studies
    6F, International Organizations Center, Pacifico Yokohama
    1-1-1 Minato Mirai
    Nishi-ku, Yokohama
    Japan 220-8502