The weapons of mass destruction are regulated by separate international treaties. The chemical weapons convention (CWC) profi ted from the experience of the other two treaties. It was fortunate also in its timing, being concluded during the optimism of the immediate post-Cold War years.
Principles of universality, equality and non-discrimination have ensured greater participation in the CWC. It is unique in outlawing an entire class of weapons, instituting a comprehensive verification regime, establishing its own implementing organization, and integrating the relevant industry into its programme of work.
This policy brief, drawing on a recent book, examines the record to date of the CWC’s implementing agency as well as the challenges yet to be met.