Governance Challenges for Greening the Urban Economy: Understanding and Assessing the Links between Governance and Green Economy in Cities

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Overview
  • INSTITUTE:
    UNU-IAS
    PUBLISHER:
    United Nations University
    VOLUME:
    Policy Report No.6, 2012
    TITLE:
    Governance Challenges for Greening the Urban Economy: Understanding and Assessing the Links between Governance and Green Economy in Cities
    AUTHORS:
    by Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira, Osman Balaban, Christopher Doll, Raquel Moreno-Peñaranda , Aki Suwa, Erin Kennedy, Puspita Dirgahayani, Magali Dreyfus and Ping Jiang
    PUB DATE:
    2012•06•23
    ISBN 13:
    978-92-808-4530-3
    ISBN 10:
    978-92-808-4533-4
    COPYRIGHT YEAR:
    2012

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    The challenges for creating a greener economy and the institutional framework for sustainable development pass necessarily, or mostly, through cities, as they concentrate a large and growing part of the world’s economy and population, as well as decision-making power. With the processes of urbanization and rural-urban transformation, the economy in cities, especially in cities of developing countries, has been shifting from traditional artisanal crafts and markets to more modern industry and service sectors.

    The concentration of people, resources, knowledge, political power and economic activities in urban areas, if properly managed, can provide economies of scale and efficiency gains that lower the use of resources and energy, and thereby promote doing more with less, while offering fair outcomes to the most vulnerable people and the environment. In this sense, transitioning from the traditional “brown” economy to a greener economy could be achieved by reducing resource and energy consumption in cities through improving the key components of the urban economic process.