Climate and Human-Related Drivers of Biodiversity Decline in Southeast Asia

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Overview
  • INSTITUTE:
    UNU-IAS
    PUBLISHER:
    United Nations University
    VOLUME:
    Policy Report No. 2, 2010
    TITLE:
    Climate and Human-Related Drivers of Biodiversity Decline in Southeast Asia
    AUTHORS:
    by Suneetha M. Subramanian, Alexandros Gasparatos, Ademola K. Braimoh and Wendy Elliott
    PUB DATE:
    2010•08•24
    ISBN 13:
    978-92-808-4521-1
    ISBN 10:
    978-92-808-4520-4
    COPYRIGHT:
    United Nations University
    COPYRIGHT YEAR:
    2010

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    Southeast Asia hosts diverse biological resources and cultural milieus that are under different
    degrees of stress from various factors. This report highlights the key underlying economic,
    political and natural factors that contribute to biodiversity decline in the region, and provides
    specific policy directions that could help address the decline.

    The report documents the salient biophysical characteristics of Southeast Asia, the current
    state of biodiversity and the attendant climatic and anthropogenic drivers of biodiversity
    decline in the region. Specifically, the role of international trade and the expanding oil palm
    plantations to meet increasing biofuel demands, as well as impact of urbanization and land
    tenure management systems and changing climatic patterns on biodiversity are clarified.

    Policy responses required to augment and maintain a rich biodiversity status in the region
    are highlighted in the last section. There is a need for periodic assessments, monitoring and
    appropriate regulation mechanisms as well as the use of innovative financial mechanisms to
    enhance adaptive capacity. Investments in collaborative research and information sharing
    and educational initiatives to raise awareness and foster better ties between science and
    policy networks are a priority.