The face of migration in and from Ethiopia has been changing, from large refugee flows in the 1980s and 1990s to different forms of labour migration in the present decade as people seek employment opportunities abroad. The large refugee flows from the 1980s and 1990s have led to the emergence of the Ethiopian Diaspora that now numbers approximately one million people living abroad. At present, highly skilled emigration remains a challenge as doctors increasingly migrate to better off African countries such as Botswana and South Africa, but the majority of flows are now characterized by low skilled migration. The changing nature of migration in Ethiopia has led to changing mandates in migration for government institutions, international organizations, unions and NGOs. This policy brief provides an outline of the roles and responsibilities of different organizations with regards to migration in Ethiopia. The information in this policy brief is based on interviews conducted with these organizations in November 2010.