Upon this basis, the volume considers whether an understanding of these underlying factors—what may be called ‘structural’—can inform policy discussion as well as strategic interventions regarding the fight against trafficking. Trafficking, generally, occurs from poorer to more prosperous countries and regions. However, it is not necessarily the poorest regions or communities which are most vulnerable to trafficking, and so the volume seeks to identify the factors which explain where and why vulnerability increases. At the same time, modern forms of transportation and communication have aided the movement of people and also enabled transnational organized crime groups and trafficking rings to exploit vulnerable people for profit. The volume includes experts with great experience of trafficking issues and it also gives a voice to ‘critical’ views which argue that trafficking challenges are inseparable from broader debates about human rights and migration. Indeed, whilst the idea of protecting the human rights of victims is uppermost, protecting the human rights of people to seek a living and make decisions for themselves regarding migration is also important. The volume thus avoids simplifying those who have been trafficked as disempowered victims.
Sally Cameron is a consultant on governance and gender issues in Sydney, Australia, and a former Policy Analyst for the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations. Edward Newman is Programme Officer in the Peace and Governance Programme at the United Nations University in Tokyo.
“This is a rich volume which offers a better understanding of international trafficking from a mix of notable scholars and practitioners. It will be of interest to scholars who are studying globalization, migration, human trafficking, international crime, development theory and feminist theory, and it should resonate with political scientists but also with sociologists and other social scientists.”
—Dr. Colleen Thouez, human trafficking expert and Chief, New York Office, UN Institute for Training and Research