The orthodox definition of international security puts human displacement and refugees at the periphery. In contrast, Refugees and Forced Displacement demonstrates that human displacement can be both a cause and a consequence of conflict within and among societies. As such, the management of refugee movements and the protection of displaced people should be an integral part of security policy and conflict management.
Refugees and forcibly displaced people can also represent the starkest example of a tension between human security where the primary focus is the individual and communities and more conventional models of national security tied to the sovereign state and military defence of territory. This book explores this tension with respect to a number of pressing problems related to refugees and forced displacement. It also demonstrates how many of these challenges have been exacerbated by the war on terror since September 11, 2001.
The analysis of conflict and human displacement has changed, particularly concerning the links between security and migration. In seeking to address the nexus between security concerns and migratory flows, Refugees and Forced Displacement argues for a reappraisal of the legal, political, normative, institutional and conceptual frameworks through which the international community addresses refugees and displacement.
Edward Newman is an academic officer in the Peace and Governance Programme of the United Nations University.
Joanne van Selm is a senior policy analyst at the Migration Policy Institute and a lecturer in political science at the University of Amsterdam.
Foreword – Sadako Ogata
Part I: Political, Security and Normative Perspectives
Refugees, international security, and human vulnerability: Introduction and survey – Edward Newman
Refugees as grounds for international action – Gil Loescher
Refugees and human displacement in contemporary international relations: Reconciling state and individual sovereignty – Gary Troeller
Refugee protection policies and security issues – Joanne van Selm
Human security and the protection of refugees – Astri Suhrke
Thinking ethically about refugees: A case for the transformation of global governance – Mervyn Frost
The early warning of forced migration: State or human security? – Susanne Schmeidl
Part II: Displacement, Return and Resettlement
Towards a protection regime for internally displaced persons – Erin D. Mooney
Reconciling control and compassion? Human smuggling and the right to asylum – Khalid Koser
Post-conflict peace-building and the return of refugees: Concepts, practices and institutions – B.S.Chimni
The long-term challenges of reconstruction and reintegration: Case studies of Haiti and Bosnia-Herzegovina – Patricia Weiss Fagen
Sovereignty, gender and displacement – Julie Mertus
Part III: Actors and Institutions
Securitizing sovereignty? States, refugees, and the regionalization of international law – Gregor Noll
A new Tower of Babel? Reappraising the architecture of refugee protection – William Maley
Distance makes the heart grow fonder: Media images of refugees and asylum seekers – Peter Mares
Changing roles of NGOs in refugee assistance – Mark Raper
Patricia Weiss Fagen
Erin D. Mooney
Joanne van Selm