Refugees and Forced Displacement: International Security, Human Vulnerability, and the State

Sample Chapter
  • Edited Edward Newman and Joanne van Selm

    ISBN-10: 92-808-1086-3,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1086-8
    United Nations University Press
    October 2003

    The orthodox definition of international security puts human displacement and refugees at the periphery. In contrast, Refugees and Forced Displacement demonstrates that human displacement can be both a cause and a consequence of conflict within and among societies. As such, the management of refugee movements and the protection of displaced people should be an integral part of security policy and conflict management.

    Refugees and forcibly displaced people can also represent the starkest example of a tension between human security where the primary focus is the individual and communities and more conventional models of national security tied to the sovereign state and military defence of territory. This book explores this tension with respect to a number of pressing problems related to refugees and forced displacement. It also demonstrates how many of these challenges have been exacerbated by the war on terror since September 11, 2001.

    The analysis of conflict and human displacement has changed, particularly concerning the links between security and migration. In seeking to address the nexus between security concerns and migratory flows, Refugees and Forced Displacement argues for a reappraisal of the legal, political, normative, institutional and conceptual frameworks through which the international community addresses refugees and displacement.

    Edward Newman is an academic officer in the Peace and Governance Programme of the United Nations University.
    Joanne van Selm is a senior policy analyst at the Migration Policy Institute and a lecturer in political science at the University of Amsterdam.

    Foreword – Sadako Ogata
    Part I: Political, Security and Normative Perspectives
    Refugees, international security, and human vulnerability: Introduction and survey – Edward Newman
    Refugees as grounds for international action – Gil Loescher
    Refugees and human displacement in contemporary international relations: Reconciling state and individual sovereignty – Gary Troeller
    Refugee protection policies and security issues – Joanne van Selm
    Human security and the protection of refugees – Astri Suhrke
    Thinking ethically about refugees: A case for the transformation of global governance – Mervyn Frost
    The early warning of forced migration: State or human security? – Susanne Schmeidl
    Part II: Displacement, Return and Resettlement
    Towards a protection regime for internally displaced persons – Erin D. Mooney
    Reconciling control and compassion? Human smuggling and the right to asylum – Khalid Koser
    Post-conflict peace-building and the return of refugees: Concepts, practices and institutions – B.S.Chimni
    The long-term challenges of reconstruction and reintegration: Case studies of Haiti and Bosnia-Herzegovina – Patricia Weiss Fagen
    Sovereignty, gender and displacement – Julie Mertus
    Part III: Actors and Institutions
    Securitizing sovereignty? States, refugees, and the regionalization of international law – Gregor Noll
    A new Tower of Babel? Reappraising the architecture of refugee protection – William Maley
    Distance makes the heart grow fonder: Media images of refugees and asylum seekers – Peter Mares
    Changing roles of NGOs in refugee assistance – Mark Raper

    Patricia Weiss Fagen
    Mervyn Frost
    Khalid Koser
    Gil Loescher
    William Maley
    Peter Mares
    Julie Mertus
    Erin D. Mooney
    Edward Newman
    Gregor Noll
    Mark Raper
    Susanne Schmeidl
    Joanne van Selm
    Astri Suhrke
    Gary Troeller