Human Rights and Societies in Transition: Causes, Consequences, Responses

Overview
Sample Chapter
  • Edited Shale Horowitz and Albrecht Schnabel

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    PUBLICATION DATA:
    ISBN-10: 92-808-1092-8,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1092-9
    LANGUAGE:
    English
    PAGES:
    466
    PUBLISHER:
    United Nations University Press
    PUBLISHED:
    April 2004

    Description
    Human rights violations are often particularly severe in transition societies that are undergoing significant political, social and economic transformations. Improving human rights practices in transition societies should therefore be a central goal for domestic reformers and the international community alike. This makes sense not only because of the intrinsic value of improved human rights protection, but also because of the indirect effects that such improvements have on democratization, economic development, and conflict resolution.

    The book is a joint effort by 17 scholars from various parts of the world, specializing in political science, sociology, law, and regional studies. It explores the contemporary international human rights regime, the factors predominantly responsible for human rights violations in transition societies, long-term consequences of such violations, and political remedies.

    Authors/Editors
    Shale Horowitz is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Albrecht Schnabel is a senior research fellow at swisspeace – Swiss Peace Foundation, Bern. <

    Contents
    Introduction: Human rights and societies in transition: International context and sources of variation

  • Part One: Defining, delimiting and understanding human rights in societies in transition
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a norm for societies in transition
  • Universalism and cultural relativism: Lessons for transitional states
  • From global norms to local change: Theoretical perspectives on the promotion of human rights in societies of transition
  • Part Two: Monitoring, promoting and enforcing human rights
  • The United Nations and human rights
  • The consequences of the War Crimes Tribunals and an International Criminal Court for human rights in transition societies
  • International efforts to protect human rights in transition societies: Right, duty, or politics?
  • Democratic transitions and foreign policy: The United States
  • Part Three: Sources of human rights violations and their impact on peace, democratization and economic development
  • Sources and consequences of human rights violations in Iraq
  • Exploring the dynamics of human rights and reform: Iran, Pakistan and Turkey
  • Causes and consequences of variation in post-communist human rights practices
  • Human rights and conflict in the former Yugoslavia
  • Human rights in transition societies: The cases of Somalia and South Africa
  • Human rights and transition societies in Western Africa
  • Political development and democratic rights in Greater China
  • Human rights in India
  • Human rights, the military, and the transition to democracy in Argentina and South Korea
  • Conclusion: Protecting human rights in transition societies: Lessons and recommendations
  • Contributors
    Shale Horowitz
    Albrecht Schnabel
    Johannes Morsink
    Richard Lewis Siegel
    Genevieve Souillac
    W. Ofuatey-Kodjoe
    Paul J. Magnarella
    Barbara Ann J. Rieffer
    David P. Forsythe
    Jenab Tutunji
    Mahmood Monshipouri
    Aleksandar Resanovic
    Wafula Okumu
    Eghosa E. Osaghae
    Man-To Leung
    D. R. Kaarthikeyan
    Terence Roehrig