Human rights violations are often particularly severe in transition societies that are undergoing significant political, social and economic transformations. Improving human rights practices in transition societies should therefore be a central goal for domestic reformers and the international community alike. This makes sense not only because of the intrinsic value of improved human rights protection, but also because of the indirect effects that such improvements have on democratization, economic development, and conflict resolution.
The book is a joint effort by 17 scholars from various parts of the world, specializing in political science, sociology, law, and regional studies. It explores the contemporary international human rights regime, the factors predominantly responsible for human rights violations in transition societies, long-term consequences of such violations, and political remedies.
Shale Horowitz is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Albrecht Schnabel is a senior research fellow at swisspeace – Swiss Peace Foundation, Bern. <
ContentsPart One: Defining, delimiting and understanding human rights in societies in transitionThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a norm for societies in transitionUniversalism and cultural relativism: Lessons for transitional statesFrom global norms to local change: Theoretical perspectives on the promotion of human rights in societies of transitionPart Two: Monitoring, promoting and enforcing human rightsThe United Nations and human rightsThe consequences of the War Crimes Tribunals and an International Criminal Court for human rights in transition societiesInternational efforts to protect human rights in transition societies: Right, duty, or politics?Democratic transitions and foreign policy: The United StatesPart Three: Sources of human rights violations and their impact on peace, democratization and economic developmentSources and consequences of human rights violations in IraqExploring the dynamics of human rights and reform: Iran, Pakistan and TurkeyCauses and consequences of variation in post-communist human rights practicesHuman rights and conflict in the former YugoslaviaHuman rights in transition societies: The cases of Somalia and South AfricaHuman rights and transition societies in Western AfricaPolitical development and democratic rights in Greater ChinaHuman rights in IndiaHuman rights, the military, and the transition to democracy in Argentina and South KoreaConclusion: Protecting human rights in transition societies: Lessons and recommendationsContributors
Introduction: Human rights and societies in transition: International context and sources of variation
Richard Lewis Siegel
Paul J. Magnarella
Barbara Ann J. Rieffer
David P. Forsythe
Eghosa E. Osaghae
D. R. Kaarthikeyan