Emerging Forces in Environmental Governance

Sample Chapter
  • Edited Norichika Kanie and Peter M. Haas

    ISBN-10: 92-808-1095-2,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1095-0
    United Nations University Press
    June 2004


    International governance increasingly occurs through complex synergies between networks of actors across levels of international politics. While current governance arrangements remain a crazy quilt of overlapping activities, this volume seeks to describe and analyze the activities of many new actors in international politics in the realm of sustainable development. It highlights many of their activities, difficulties, challenges, and critiques of their role in international governance, as well as raising new theoretical and empirical puzzles for the future study of globalization and the formulation of policies for global issues.

    This book addresses the various new channels of multilateral environmental governance that have appeared within an increasingly globalized international system at the beginning of 21st century. While states ultimately continue to make and enforce international law, they are increasingly dependent upon multilateral institutions, organized science, NGOs and social movements, and business and industry for formulating their views and for conducting policy. It is the emerging forces emanating from this multiplicity of actors that facilitate institutional synergisms in environmental governance. This volume focuses on clarifying the key actors and the governance functions they perform in addressing environmental threats.


    Norichika Kanie is an associate professor of International Relations at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Peter M. Haas is Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.


    • Foreword
    • Introduction
    • Multilateral institutions: Multilateral environmental institutions and co-ordinating mechanisms
    • Consolidating global environmental governance: New lessons from the GEF?
    • The effectiveness of WTO and WIPO: Lessons for environmental governance?
    • Multi-level governance: The case for regional environmental organizations
    • Global environmental governance in terms of vertical linkages
    • Science policy interface for environmental governance: Science policy for multilateral environmental governance
    • IPCC: its roles in international negotiation and in domestic decision making on climate change policies
    • NGO and Environmental Governance: Institutionalization of NGO involvement in policy functions for global environmental governance
    • Civil society protest and participation: Civic engagement within the multilateral governance regime
    • Business/industry and environmental governance: Balancing TNCs, the states and the international system in global environmental governance: A critical perspective
    • The private business sector in global environmental diplomacy

    Conclusion: Institutional design and institutional reform for sustainable development


    Norichika Kanie, Peter M. Haas, Laura B. Campbell, Dana R. Fisher, Harris Gleckman, Toru Iwama, Yasuko Kameyama, Satoko Mori, Craig N. Murphy, Jonathan R. Strand, Mikoto Usui, Jacob Werksman