Civil Society, Conflicts and the Politicization of Human Rights

Sample Chapter
  • Edited Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci

    1199 Marchetti – Civil Society Final web rescale
    ISBN-10: 92-808-1199-1,
    ISBN-13: 978-92-808-1199-5
    United Nations University Press
    August 2011

    Civil Society, Conflicts and the Politicization of Human Rights explores violent conflict and peace. The contributors examine how violence is generated, managed, exploited and eradicated in ethno-political conflicts, and how societies can be dragged out of conflict onto the transition towards peace. The usual take on these phenomena focuses on the role of governmental actors, both national and international. While official actors remain important, Civil Society, Conflicts and the Politicization of Human Rights examines the other side of the coin: the non-governmental component in ethno-political conflicts. Civil society actors, or as they are defined in this book, “conflict society organizations” (CoSOs), are increasingly central in view of the high degree of complexity of contemporary ethno-political conflicts. CoSOs have become key players in ethno-political conflicts, both as violators and as promoters of human rights. Nevertheless, the precise relationships underpinning the human rights–civil society–conflict nexus have not been fully examined. This volume analyses the impact of civil society on ethno-political conflicts through their human rights-related activities, and identifies the means to strengthen the complementarity between civil society and international governmental actors in promoting peace. These aims are addressed by examining four case studies in the European neighbourhood: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus, Turkey’s Kurdish question and Israel–Palestine.

    “In an era where the certainties of the liberal peacebuilding consensus are heavily contested, it is refreshing to see a selection of essays which offer such innovative interpretations of how civil society actors and human rights are developing in real post-conflict contexts.”

    Oliver Richmond, Director, Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, School of International Relations, University of St Andrews

    “Students of social movements, human rights, and peace and conflict studies will profit significantly from this book’s contributions.”

    Sidney Tarrow, Maxwell Upson Professor of Government, Department of Government, Cornell University

    “An outstanding analysis of the civil society’s human rights-related activities and their impact on conflict in multi-ethnic societies. This book is a timely contribution to our understanding of the emerging intrastate ethno-political conflicts in this rapidly globalizing and democratizing world.”

    Shabbir Cheema, Director, Asia-Pacific Governance and Democracy Initiative, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii

    About the Editors

    Raffaele Marchetti is Assistant Professor of International Relations in the School of Government and the Department of Political Science at LUISS University, Italy. Nathalie Tocci is Deputy Director of the Istituto Affari Internazionali, Head of the Institute’s department “The EU and the Neighbourhood”, and Associate Editor of The International Spectator.

    Table of Contents:

    Foreword, Johan Galtung
    Introduction: Civil society, ethnic conflicts and the politicization of human rights, Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci  

    Part I: Theoretical framework
    Human rights and the (de)securitization of conflict, Thorsten Bonacker, Thomas Diez, Thorsten Gromes, Jana Groth and Emily Pia
    Conflict society and human rights: An analytical framework.,Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci  

    Part II: Case studies
    Human rights, civil society and conflict in Israel/Palestine, Laure Fourest
    Human rights, civil society and conflict in Cyprus, Olga Demetriou and Ayla Gürel
    Human rights, civil society and conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Giulio Marcon and Sergio Andreis
    Human rights, civil society and conflict in Turkey’s Kurdish question, Nathalie Tocci and Alper Kaliber  

    Part III: Comparative analysis
    Gender, conflict society and human rights, Diana Levantesi Copper
    Redefining European Union engagement with conflict society, Raffaele Marchetti and Nathalie Tocci
    Human rights discourses and conflict: Moving towards desecuritization, Emily Pia and Thomas Diez
    The impact of civil society on conflict: A qualitative comparative analysis,  Thorsten Bonacker, Christian Braun and Jana Groth
    Epilogue: Civil society, human rights and conflicts. Does knowledge matter? Angela Liberatore