Shyama Raman is a Professorial Fellow at the UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER). Her research focuses on the relationships between technology, innovation and development, drawing upon the evolution of the biotechnology sectors in India and in Europe as illustrative case studies. Her past work has primarily revolved around three themes: the impact of the national system of innovation on the creation of industrial competence; the use of patent and publications statistics as indicators of competitive position and comparative advantage for investment; and the creation of incentives for cooperation and coordination. Her methodology is varied, ranging from contextual analysis and case studies to the use of game theory to study strategic problems related to innovation creation. She is currently studying the role of technology and innovation to attain the millennium development goals, and the corporate social responsibility of firms with respect to innovation. Dr. Ramani holds a Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University, USA.