Joint UNU-MERIT/MSoG seminar: “Building the Links between Funding and Quality in Higher Education: India’s Challenge”
The rapid growth of the higher education system in India has raised concerns about the quality of education offered by the nation’s institutions. A number of reports document the decline in quality that has accompanied the rapid growth and the insufficient quality of the majority of institutions. Industry surveys find that many graduates are unemployable without substantial on-the-job training.
India’s 12th Five-Year Plan (FYP), the nation’s key policy document for higher education (and other social services) through 2017, suggests a range of reforms to higher education to change the role of the national government from “command and control” to “steer and evaluate,” giving more autonomy and accountability to the states and to the higher education institutions themselves with the goal of improving quality.
In an effort to explore India’s possibilities in implementing policies that link funding to quality measures as a means of improving quality, RAND researchers reviewed India’s FYP and the research literature on other countries’ reform efforts. This presentation summarizes those findings and suggests seven policy actions the Indian national government and other stakeholders can take to improve higher education by linking funding to quality.This discussion is relevant to reformers in other countries as well, since it reflects lessons learned by governments and institutions worldwide that face a growing demand from potential students, limited resources and an urgent need to produce quality graduates.
For more information, see the Calendar of upcoming events on the UNU-MERIT website.
V. Darleen Opfer is director of RAND Education and holds the Distinguished Chair in Education Policy at the RAND Corporation.Before joining RAND in 2011, she served on the faculty of education at the University of Cambridge (UK). She has conducted policy research studies for a number of governments.