Seminar: “Managing conservation conflicts: An economic perspective on biodiversity governance”
Wildlife represents a major “governance challenge”: animals are not owned, and can roam freely across ownership and national boundaries; they are sentient and respond to natural and anthropocentric changes in their external environment; and their population dynamics are strongly influenced by social and economic forces either directly (e.g., the sale of tiger parts) or indirectly (e.g., habitat loss).
The creation of resilient and sustainable mechanisms to conserve biodiversity is essential, but challenging. Biodiversity governance can take many forms and is constantly evolving, but legislation and/or economic incentives remain the dominant paradigms in national and international policymaking.
In this seminar, Prof. Douglas MacMillan (University of Kent and Durrel Institute of Conservation and Ecology) will explore the sustainability and resilience of both approaches to wildlife management, drawing on evidence from case studies arising from his own research into whaling in the Republic of Korea, tiger poaching in Bangladesh, and the conservation of wild geese on agricultural land in Scotland. At a broader level, he will argue that biodiversity governance requires more sophisticated hybrid instruments that can deliver cost-effective outcomes which recognize and reflect the anthropocentric drivers of conservation conflicts, rather than pre-existing orthodoxies and prejudices.
For more information and to register please see the seminar page on the UNU-IAS website.
Douglas MacMillan is Head of the School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, and Professor of Applied Resource and Conservation Economics at the Durrel Institute of Conservation and Ecology. His research focuses on understanding the economics of biodiversity conservation; his expertise lies in valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity, human–wildlife conflict studies, spatial conservation planning, illegal wildlife trade and land reform.