The Rector, based at UNU Headquarters in Tokyo, is the chief academic and administrative officer of UNU, with responsibility for the direction, organization and administration of its overall programme.

He is assisted by three Vice-Rectors — two based in Tokyo and one based at the UNU Vice-Rectorate in Europe, in Bonn.

The UNU Council is responsible for devising the principles and policies that govern the UNU’s operations, and for considering and approving the University’s budget and work programme.